Biomaterials in Orthopedics
Worldwide, millions of people suffer from inflammatory and degenerative conditions of the bones and joints. In wealthy countries, they make up half of all chronic disorders affecting adults over 50. Additionally, it is anticipated that by 2020, the proportion of people over 50 affected by bone illnesses would double.
Surgery is frequently necessary for many disorders, including total joint replacement when the natural joint has degenerated. Additionally, countless bone fractures, back discomfort, osteoporosis, scoliosis, and other musculoskeletal issues must be treated with permanent, temporary, or biodegradable prostheses.
Orthopedic biomaterials are therefore intended to be implanted in the human body as components of devices that are supposed to fulfill certain biological activities by replacing or mending various tissues like bone, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons, and even by assisting bone repair when necessary.
The most often used first-generation ceramic biomaterials are alumina, zirconia, and various porous ceramics. There are only a few formulas available for these non-metallic inorganic compounds.
- Track 1-1 Ceramic materials
- Track 2-2 Ceramic implants
- Track 3-3 Ceramics in orthopedic surgery
- Track 4-4 Joint replacement using ceramic implants
- Track 5-5 Polymers
- Track 6-6 Orthopedics Biomechanics
- Track 7-7 Arthroplasty
- Track 8-8 Total wrist arthroplasty